Humanitarian Intervantion: The Principle of Responsibility to Protect (R2P)

Humanitarian intervention that explicitly allows external powers to deploy military assistance to protect innocent civilian from atrocities is debatable. The issue of military intervention has increasingly become serious concern among states since it ben-efited great powers to implement. Thus, this interven-tion is most probably a result of interpretation taken particularly by those great power countries without considering others.The intervention paradigm seems to contradict with sovereign state paradigm all countries commonly agreed. The later paradigm believes that either indi-vidual state or a group of states cannot interfere other state’s internal affairs because of its sovereignty. Foreign armed forces sent by the great powers to deal with intra-state conflict leads to security threat in recipient country. For example, the US intervention in Iraq to stop killing Kurds people had eventually changed the regime to be the US-model democracy.universal.The US’s double standard is main reason why the intervention is effectively implemented in non-allies US countries, whereas it does not work in the US-allies states. For example, the US strike to Libya is because of genocide. By contrast, the US is silent for thousands people of Gaza who are killed, injured and displaced because of Israel’s rockets and missiles launching to their homes. Israel authority argues that Israeli military action to Gaza is legally justified to defense its territory from Palestinian terrorist attack.

Similarly, the US would not militarily intervene the powerful state in terms of military technology, geopolitics as well as strong international support. In doing so, the US costs very much on troops, finance and national security. A number of American soldiers who were killed in several wars such as the Vietnam War, the Iraq War and the Afghanistan War affect public criticism for the US intervention policy. This also increases xenophobia among non-Western people, who potentially becomes terrorists devastating the US from within.

The existence of Al-Qaida, the radical Islamic militant group, is evidence that xenophobia trans-forms into dangerous armed group threatening the US national security. The US citizen was surprised that 9/ 11 took place without any cautions from the US intelligent body or the authority. It illustrates that xenophobic group witnessing the US intervention worldwide has willingness to take revenge. Obviously, the US intervention is not necessarily to sacrifice the national interest, while it should protect or enhance the interest. In this regard, the US would not attack the North Korea due to the strategic position of the South Chinese Sea for international trading.

The US also must postpone to intervening Syria that has strong alliance with China, Russia and Iran. Both China and Russia are two countries of five permanent members in the United Nations Security Council that have the special rights to veto the UN Resolution. Hence, the US initiation to militarily interfere Syria would fail because of both countries. Sending weapon to opposition group in Syria is what the US can involve in this conflict situation as Iran, China and Russia do for the regime.

Implementing humanitarian intervention is not as simply as deployment of troops into conflict area or intra-state conflict circumstances. It should consider norm and strong reason the humanitarian interven-tion refers to. This intervention focuses mainly on ‘human security’, to which individual state or the International society is responsible to protect freedom from fear and freedom from want. Therefore, the idea of intervention is an attempt to sustain nature of human’s freedom in proper manner, which it is threatened by violations of mass atrocities.

This paper is divided into three parts. The first part examines the concept of humanitarian intervention. The second one is explanation the notion of Responsi-bility to Protect (R2P), in which proponents of this tenet present the importance of R2P to secure man-kind. By contrast, the opponents of R2P find that the implementation of R2P needs to be seriously dis-cussed. The last part of the article is conclusion, to which it delivers the important point of discussion.

Author : Muhammad Zahrul Anam