Security-Development Nexus and the Discourse of Fragile States

This paper will be investigating the problem revolves around the discourse of fragile states. It will particularly focus on the notion of security develop-ment nexus adheres within the policy agenda of state/ nation building or state formation in fragile states. Given that the security (both in term of state and human security) and humanitarian aid are paramount for states seeking to arise from its fragility, it is too often that state building’s policies aimed at tackling these problems are addressed through certain measures dominated by efforts to institutionalize the liberal peace (Wallis, 2012). The liberal agenda of state building, on the one hand, seeks to intertwine security and development issues as its priority. Yet, on the other hand, it is precisely creating insecurity and (re)producing inequality, rather than creating security and welfare throughout society. This is, for instance, demonstrated through the case of Haiti in which the process of state building in term of consolidating the modern liberal state has resulted a condition of domination and subordination upon Haitian (Shah, 2009). Similarly, the liberal state building and eco-nomic development agendas have created the eco-nomic marginalization, insecurity and inequality as well as maintained the perpetuation of clientelism policies in African countries. In fact, for countrier such as Ethiopia, Zimbabwe, and South Africa, the liberal agenda brought by international bodies has led them to face social, economic, and political instability and vulnerability (Carmody, 2007, quoted in Aime, 2008).

This paper argues that the security development nexus underpinning the project of nation/state-building in ‘fragile states’ obviously create insecurity and (re)produce inequality and poverty, rather than generate security and equality throughout society. To substantiate this proposition, this essay will examine the notion of security development nexus and the discourse around fragile states. This will problematize the spatial-temporal framework underpinning the security development nexus in framing and analyzing the problem in fragile states. This essay will not be focused on a specific case study of fragile states. Instead, it will explore and combine several critical insights regarding the discourse of fragile states and the flaws of security-development nexus. This essay then will be structured into three main parts. The first part of the essay will particularly be an attempt to under-standing the discourse of fragile states. The next part of the essay will be then exploring the notion of security-development nexus. Before concluding this essay, the third part will critically examine insights aimed at criticizing security-development nexus in term of liberal state-building project in fragile states. It is mainly to show that the notion of security develop-ment nexus has failed to provide useful insight on the problem of security and humanitarian challenges in order to resolve the problem of fragile states.

Author : Syaiful Anam