A Contrastive Analysis of Interrogative Sentences in English and Indonesian

Contrastive analysis of two languages which deals with the similarities and differences in terms of linguistic structures has been studied since the 1940s. It could be a useful predictor of where second language students would likely encounter problems in learning a second language (Gorjian, et.al: 2012). It stood to reason that if certain elements of a second language differed greatly from the students’ native language, that student would likely encounter difficulties (Schackne: 2002). Nord (1991) argued that linguistic problems arise from differences of structure in the vocabulary and syntax of second language (SL) and target language.

Some of these problems may be caused by what Newmark (1988) calls “false friends” or by situationsof one-to many or one to zero equivalence. These problems can also be caused by lack of grammar knowledge in the Source language (SL) or the Target Language (TL) (Nord: 1991). Based on the Schackne’s (2002) definition by focusing on the differences existing in native and target language, we can predict the difficulties the learners may encounter in learning the target language. Moreover, as Brown (2007) stated, before the learner becomes familiar with the system of the second language, the native language is the only linguistic system. Therefore, not having enough knowledge in this sense will lead learners to use their own system of syntax in the TL and this interference(s)makesthemerroneous.

Since ever the emergence of contrastive analysis up to now, many researchers (Schackne: 2002) have used this technique to identify the areas of difficulties for second and foreign language learners. However, a linguistic item that is rarely compared and contrasted between these two languages is question or making question. Therefore, this paper want to study interrogativesentencesin Englis hand Indonesian contrastively.

According to Bieber, (1999: 211), questions are many times more common in conversation than in writing. According to Webber (1994: 226), questions create anticipation, arouse interest, challenge the reader into thinking about the topic of the text, and have a direct appeal in bringing the second person into a kind of dialogue with the writer, which other rhetorical devices do not have to the same extent. Questions have been classified differently by researchers and they have his/her own way toclassifythem. There are many types of interrogative sentences in English. Its characteristics are: it is used with a rise in pitch, question mark (?)

Name : Mashlihatul Umami

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