Word is one of the elements of language. Words can be formed into sentences and they give message which may have direct or indirect meanings. People create sentences with their own styles both in spoken and written forms. The use of language should be suited to the situation and purposes.
In spoken language, expressive feelings and ideas sometimes are used with the gesture such as flashing eyes, moving the part of the body and other. While in the written forms, language is expressed with the choice of words in language style. Based on its use, English can be divided into two (McCrimmon, 1967:170); Standard English and Nonstandard English. Standard English is known but prestige dialect which has social functions.
It is, however, neither more logical and more complex, nor more regular than any other dialect. Any judgment, therefore, as to the superiority or inferiority of a particular dialect is social judgment, nor linguistics or scientific ones. Standard English is used most college educated people who fill position of social financial and professional influence in community. According to McCrimmon (1967: 174), Standard English has two variant, namely: formal English and informal English.
Formal English is usually used in formal situations such as research, business letters, application letters, papers, thesis, seminar and so on. On the other hand, informal English is sometimes called colloquial English, because it is often used in daily communication in relaxed situations. Additionally, Widarso (1989: 51) says that nonstandard English is one of the variants English has which is not in line with the role of standard English. Nonstandard English is considered as a non prestige variety. However, nonstandard English is not wrong. It is dialect spoken by a large section on non-middle class. The most noticeable characteristics of nonstandard English is the deletion of “g” consonant at the end of a word.
Name : Endriana Sri Wahyuni
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