Analyzing Homographs In Acehnese And English Languages

Language cannot be separated from our lives because it is a device to communicate with others. In other words, a person can communicate with others if she or he uses the same language. Most people know at least one language such as his or her mother tongue or national language.

Nowadays, many people try to master not only his or her mother tongue or national language but also other languages, for instance English as a foreign language in Indonesia. Indonesia as a country which consists of 34 provinces in which each province has its own language like Javanese in Java, Bataknese in North Sumatra, Acehnese in Aceh, Minangkabaunese in West Sumatra, Rejangnese in South Sumatra, and others.

Furthermore, diversity of languages also exists in every province in Indonesia. For example, Aceh which consists of several regencies has different languages used to communicate. Umar (2008) noted that “There are seven types of languages in Aceh, namely: Acehnese, Gayonese, Kluetnese, Tamiangnese, Alasnese, Simeuluenese, and Jameenese” Among all types of languages, Acehnese most used in Aceh to communicate. It is a unique language because there are some words that are written as same as English. Curtiss et al (2000) explained that “Semantic is the study of linguistic aspect of the meaning of expressions.” Knowledge of semantic is study the meaning of words relation.

The meaning of relation usually talks about synonyms, antonyms, hyponymy, homonymy, homophone, polysemy, and homograph and this study focused on homograph. Homograph is written identically, but sounds differently (Pateda, 2001). Also, Chaer (2012) defined that “Homograph is words same the spelling, but different its pronunciation and meaning.” As stated by Sudaryat (2004) in his article with the title struktur makna, homograph is homonymy that same written form, but different its meaning and pronunciation. In brief, homographs are two words that have same writing, but they have different meaning and pronunciation.

Name : Puan Tursina, and Eka Rahmatan

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