It has been a temporary custom of English teaching and learning that its classroom activities are really based on textbook published by commercial publishers. Textbook is produced in a large-scale to furnish help for all language teaching and learning institution in any level of competence. In some English classes, the content of textbook does not come very specific according to the students who are using it. It is due to the textbook author is not the one who possess close communicative relationship with the students to know their needs precisely.
Teachers have missed what is called as student’s needs since they deem textbook to be the ultimate source of teaching and therefore, they need not to produce any additional materials to keep the lessons relevant and meaningul for students’ learning. By the rapid change of the world, students’ needs for English language grows larger simultaneously with the growth of education pursuits. Within twenty years, Indonesian curriculum has been changed several times, yet English teaching materials for SMK students remain general. In fact, each field requires different English. When an English teaching material is specific and relevant, it will be very evident how it holds important role in students’ learning. Beyond the matter of relevance, English teaching materials are supposed to be practical. It indicates a need for task-based English teaching materials, because this type of materials specify what students do with the English language in their learning.
For sure, the advancement of communication and technology provides English teachers with accessible sources to produce better instructional materials besides the textbook. Based on a preliminary observation, Accounting students of Grade 11 in SMK Filadelfia Pemangkat dealt with Accounting reports which had to be written in English, either by hand-system or computerised-system with MYOB (Mind Your Own Business) or Accurate accounting softwares. Ironically, the existing English materials did not cover these specific contents to support relevant and pratical English classroom learning. In a similar research finding conducted by Putrawan (2013) that was on developing materials for students of Food and Beverage Department at SMK Triatma Jaya Singaraja, he confirmed that English material must be special and relevant with the students’ department and it must help students to take part in social interaction.
Secondly, a research conducted by Sohirah (2012) which sought to design a model of English materials for tourism program of SMK Negeri 1 Pontianak showed that the existing materials were not suitable for students because they did not meet students’ needs of study and future job as tour guides. Then, she designed the authentic local based materials for the students. Thirdly, similar research finding conducted in Thailand by Dibakanaka and Hiranburana (2012) was about a development of E-learning Competency-Based English course for Chief Flight Attendance (CFAs). The course was designed to help the Chief Flight Attendance in providing services for foreign guests in English with e-Learning competencybased materials. As a result, it enhanced students’ learning achievements and outcomes. I This research is a development research conducted in purpose to develop a model of task-based English teaching materials for accounting students.
This research was initiated by an investigation of students’ needs and finished by an evaluation of materials applicability that was the most decisive part of whether or not a product was successfully developed. The very fact of expectation of the researcher was that the findings of this research can be constructive for the development of English teaching and learning, especially the English teaching to students of accounting department. As the students are prepared for working in corporate offices, banks and so forth, they have got to master English to be able to deal with the tasks associated with accounting in their future workplace or in any case can work out the English constraint in accounting subjects at school. Thereof, on this prospect the task-based English teaching materials were designed and written.
Name : Christina Sallem, Gatot Sutapa, Wardah
Source : https://media.neliti.com/media/publications/214411-none.pdf