An Analysis On External Factors Influencing Students English Learning Achievements

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English as foreign language has been taught and studied in Indonesia. English as foreign language has been taught and studied in Indonesia. English is the foreign language which is a compulsory subject to be taught in all schools from lower secondary and upper secondary schools. The students learn English with the materials and activities to achieve the target in learning English. English learning achievement is the measurement of student’s success of their study in learning English subject in school. As we know, differences in students’ learning achievements are always happening. Some students may get higher learning achievement and some may not. In learning process especially at school, learning achievement can be seen generally by the result of student’s final examination, daily test, or on the “rapor” card. If the result is good, it means that students have already mastered the materials that taught by the teacher.

However, if the result of the test does not fulfill the learning achievement target, it means that there is something less in the process of learning or there are some factors that influence it. Nowadays, the successful of the students in learning foreign language can be affected by some factors. As Ballard and Bates (2008: 563) reported on their journal, they concluded that the factors influence students learning achievements are the motivation, responsibility of the students, teacher, socioeconomic status, and home/family. Ellis (2003: 24) in his book, The Study of Second Language Acquisition, explains there are three factors that can influence learning achievement; they are external factors, internal factors, and individual differences. External factors are the factors come from outside of the student; it may be in the form of social factors, input and interaction. Internal factors are the factors which come from student’s individuality.

Individual differences are individual learner differences and learning strategies. In this research, the writer focused on external factors. Home (family) factor consist of parents’ support that can influence students in their English learning process directly and indirectly. Although the parents do not participate in students’ learning process in school, they can participate by giving facilitation to their children to learn English, learning or doing homework together at home, and any other. Teacher plays important role in teaching and learning process. The teacher has responsibility to select appropriate technique and media in teaching English that can encourage students in acquiring the materials and enjoy English learning process. Teacher has direct interaction with the students, so she or he knows how well the students understand the materials and their difficulties. Input and interaction can be divided into classroom interaction and non-reciprocal discourse. Classroom interaction plays important role in acquisition language. Interactions that happen in classroom are interaction between teacher to students, students to teacher, and also students to students itself. In non-reciprocal discourse, input comes from English song or movie. As mentioned above, the external factors consist of social factors, input and interaction. Social factor includes student’s learning environment. It can be home (family), school, and community.

Input and interaction include interaction with teacher and another student in classroom interaction; and the context of nonreciprocal discourse in listening to English song or watching movie. Home E (family) factor consist of parents’ support that can influence students in their English learning process directly and indirectly. Although the parents do not participate in students’ learning process in school, they can participate by giving facilitation to their children to learn English, learning or doing homework together at home, and any other. Teacher plays important role in teaching and learning process. The teacher has responsibility to select appropriate technique and media in teaching English that can encourage students in acquiring the materials and enjoy English learning process. Teacher has direct interaction with the students, so she or he knows how well the students understand the materials and their difficulties.

Input and interaction can be divided into classroom interaction and non-reciprocal discourse. Classroom interaction plays important role in acquisition language. Interactions that happen in classroom are interaction between teacher to students, students to teacher, and also students to students itself. In non-reciprocal discourse, input comes from English song or movie. Based on explanation above, the writer is interested in describing the dominant external factors that influence English learning achievement and investigate the significant influence between external factors and English learning achievement, besides their internal factors and individual differences can influence the result of their learning achievements.

Name : Lira Risfayanti, H. Sofian, Syarif Husin

Source : https://media.neliti.com/media/publications/210499-none.pdf