Language plays a very pivotal role in uniting nations, building relations and creating harmony. Being a linguist is not at all necessary for becoming a good communicator in any language. Language is a very strong medium for stimulating imagination. Expression is easy in one’s primary language but it becomes a challenging task when one wants to acquire language competency in different or second languages. The youth of India is being the part of that era where they are struggling for acquiring linguistic competency in English language as India is a nonEnglish-Speaking Country where English Language Learners are learning it as “ESL” (English as a Second Language), “EFL” (English as a Foreign Language) and “ESP” (English for Special Purpose).
As Graddol points out that, “English is a fascinating tool for Indians as they have been ruled by British people for many years. Throughout India, there is an extraordinary belief, among almost all castes and classes, in both rural and urban areas, in the transformative power of English. English is seen not just as a useful skill, but as a symbol of a better life, a pathway out of poverty and oppression. Aspiration of such magnitude is a heavy burden for any language, and for those who have responsibility for teaching it, to bear.
The challenges of providing universal access to English are significant, and many are bound to feel frustrated at the speed of progress. But we cannot ignore the way that the English language has emerged as a powerful agent for change in India.” (Graddol 2010:120) – After self-government, they develop a tendency to see this language as a quality for upgrading social status. They feel that command over English will help them to look them unique from the general crowd. According to NCERT report, it is clearly written that “English in India today is a symbol of people’s aspirations for quality in education and fuller participation in national and international life.
The level of introduction of English has now become a matter of political response to people’s aspirations, rendering almost irrelevant an academic debate on the merits of a very early introduction. (NCERT 2006:1) After independence, English Language Learning has become very crucial due to India’s diversity in terms of numerous official and native languages. This discourse unveils the special status of English language has in India and its significances, changing needs, classroom pedagogies and contemporary challenges.
Name : Richa Tripathi
Source : https://media.neliti.com/media/publications/239239-empowering-english-language-teaching-lea-1088ac06.pdf